More grain fields will be transformed into good fields: 45 million mu will be newly built, 35 million mu will be transformed and upgraded in 2023


Cultivated land is the lifeblood of food production. By the end of 2022, a total of 1 billion mu of high-standard farmland has been built across the country, ensuring a stable grain production capacity of more than 1 trillion jin, and more than half of the 1.918 billion mu of farmland is high-standard farmland. In 2023, China will continue to strengthen the construction of high-standard farmland, building 45 million mu of new farmland and upgrading 35 million mu. How can farmland construction be regarded as "high standard"? How and who will build high standard farmland? How to manage and protect after completion? Recently, around these issues, the reporter interviewed the heads of relevant ministries and commissions and the front-line cadres and masses. Where is Gao? High-standard farmland demonstration area in Qijia Town, Shuangyang District, Changchun City, Jilin Province, where 20000 mu of grain fields have become good fields. The demonstration area has carried out the construction project of square field and irrigation and drainage facilities, implemented the whole-process mechanized operation, and the grain production has been "protected from drought and flood, water-saving and efficient". "The land has become good for planting and harvesting, and there is more grain, and there is a minimum for selling grain," said Wang Haibo, a villager of Changpao Village in Qijia Town. What is high standard farmland? Guo Yongtian, Director of the Department of Farmland Construction and Management of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, gave a "standard answer": according to the national standard of high standard farmland construction, high standard farmland is a farmland with flat land, concentrated areas, perfect facilities, fertile soil, good ecology, strong disaster resistance, drought and flood, high and stable yield farmland that is suitable for modern agricultural production and management, is the essence of farmland, and the key foundation to ensure national food security, It is an important guarantee to promote the high-quality development of agriculture. Where is high standard farmland? Wu Hongwei, Deputy Director of the Department of Farmland Construction and Management of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that from the perspective of construction practices in various regions, the high standard farmland built has "three high": first, the high quality of farmland. Through measures such as land leveling and soil improvement, the average quality of farmland can be improved by about 1 grade, and the ability of soil, fertilizer and water conservation is significantly enhanced. Second, high output capacity. The average grain yield per mu increased by 10% to 20%, reaching 1000 kg per season and two tons per season. Third, the efficiency of resource utilization is high. Promote the economical and intensive use of agricultural resources and significantly improve the efficiency of water, fertilizer and medicine utilization. According to the survey, the project area saves 13.8% of fertilizer and 19.1% of medicine, and the effect of saving cost and increasing income is obvious. Wu Hongwei said that from the occurrence of drought and flood disasters in various regions in recent years, high-standard farmland has played an important supporting role in ensuring less production reduction in hard-hit areas, maintaining stable production in light disaster areas, and increasing production in non-disaster areas. "With high disaster resistance, the agricultural production conditions in the project area have been significantly improved, and drought can be irrigated, waterlogging can be drained, high and stable yield can be achieved, and drought and waterlogging can ensure harvest." In 2022, the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River experienced a rare drought for many years. "In the past, when we met with drought, the original ditches had no water, so we were worried. Now, the new irrigation and drainage project has laid efficient water-saving water pipelines, and we can irrigate whenever we want. Last year, there was a drought, but our 600 mu of rice still increased by about 100 jin per mu." Talking about the changes brought by the construction of high-standard farmland, Xiao, a large grain farmer in Shangyi Township, Taihe County, Jiangxi Province

Edit:wangwenting Responsible editor:xiaomai

Special statement: if the pictures and texts reproduced or quoted on this site infringe your legitimate rights and interests, please contact this site, and this site will correct and delete them in time. For copyright issues and website cooperation, please contact through outlook new era

Recommended Reading Change it