The Information Office of the State Council issued the white paper "China's aerospace in 2021"
The Information Office of the State Council released the white paper "China's aerospace in 2021" on the 28th, introducing the main progress of China's aerospace activities since 2016 and the main tasks in the next five years, so as to further enhance the international community's understanding of China's aerospace industry. The white paper has about 12500 words. In addition to the preface and conclusion, it includes six parts, which are respectively to start a new journey of building a strong Aerospace country in an all-round way, develop space technology and systems, cultivate and expand space application industry, carry out space scientific exploration and research, promote the modernization of aerospace governance, and construct a new pattern of international cooperation in aerospace. The white paper said that China has always regarded the development of space industry as an important part of its overall national development strategy and has always adhered to the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes. The white paper points out that since 2016, China's aerospace has entered the "fast lane" of innovative development, the construction of space infrastructure has been steadily promoted, the Beidou global satellite navigation system has been completed and opened, the high-resolution earth observation system has been basically completed, the satellite communication and broadcasting service capacity has been steadily enhanced, the "three-step" of the lunar exploration project has been successfully concluded, and the construction of China's space station has been fully opened, "Tianwen-1" achieved the leap from Earth Moon system to interplanetary exploration and made brilliant achievements that attracted worldwide attention. The white paper said that in the next five years, China's aerospace industry will be based on a new development stage, implement new development concepts, build a new development pattern, promote the all-round development of space science, space technology and space applications in accordance with the requirements of high-quality development, start a new journey to build a powerful Aerospace country in an all-round way, and contribute to serving the overall development situation of the country and promoting the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind in the field of outer space Make greater contributions to the progress of human civilization. The white paper points out that in today's world, more and more countries attach great importance to and vigorously develop the aerospace industry. The world aerospace has entered a new stage of great development and reform, which will have a significant and far-reaching impact on the development of human society. The white paper said that standing at the historical starting point of the new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way, China will accelerate the construction of a space power, uphold the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, continue to work with other countries to actively participate in global governance, exchanges and cooperation in outer space, safeguard outer space security, promote the long-term sustainable development of outer space activities, and contribute to the protection of the earth's homeland, the promotion of people's livelihood and well-being Serve the progress of human civilization and make new and greater contributions. The full text of the white paper "China's aerospace in 2021" is as follows: 2021 China's aerospace (January 2022) The People's Republic of China Information Office of the State Council catalogue preface 1、 Start a new journey of building a strong Aerospace country in an all-round way （1） Development purpose （2） Development vision （3） Development principle 2、 Developing space technology and systems （1） Space transportation system （2） Space infrastructure （3） Manned spaceflight （4） Deep space exploration （5） Launch site and measurement and control （6） New technology test （7） Space environment governance 3、 Cultivate and expand space application industry （1） Satellite public service （2） Space application industry 4、 Carry out space science exploration and research （1） Space science exploration （2） Scientific experiment in space environment 5、 Promote the modernization of aerospace governance （1） Continuously improve Aerospace innovation capability （2） Strengthening the basic capacity of aerospace industry （3） Accelerate the development of space application industry （4） Encourage and guide the development of Commercial Aerospace （5） Actively promote the construction of the rule of law （6） Build a high-level Aerospace talent team （7） Vigorously carry out Aerospace Science Popularization Education and cultural construction 6、 Building a new pattern of international space cooperation （1） Basic policy （2） Main progress （3） Future cooperation priorities Concluding remarks preface *** China has always regarded the development of space industry as an important part of its overall national development strategy and has always adhered to the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes. Since 2016, China's aerospace industry has entered the "fast lane" of innovative development, the construction of space infrastructure has been steadily promoted, the Beidou global satellite navigation system has been completed and opened, the high-resolution earth observation system has been basically completed, the satellite communication and broadcasting service capacity has been steadily enhanced, the "three-step" of the lunar exploration project has been successfully concluded, and the construction of China's space station has been fully opened, "Tianwen-1" achieved the leap from Earth Moon system to interplanetary exploration and made brilliant achievements that attracted worldwide attention. In the next five years, based on the new development stage, China Aerospace will implement the new development concept and build a new development pattern. In accordance with the requirements of high-quality development, China Aerospace will promote the all-round development of space science, space technology and space applications, and embark on a new journey to build a strong Aerospace country in an all-round way, so as to serve the overall interests of national development and promote the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind in the field of outer space Make greater contributions to the progress of human civilization. In order to introduce the main progress of China's space activities since 2016 and the main tasks in the next five years, and further enhance the international community's understanding of China's space industry, this white paper is hereby issued. 1、 Start a new journey of building a strong Aerospace country in an all-round way （1） Development purpose Explore outer space and expand our understanding of the earth and the universe; The peaceful use of outer space, the maintenance of outer space security, and the building of a community with a shared future for mankind in the field of outer space for the benefit of all mankind; Meet the needs of economic construction, scientific and technological development, national security and social progress, improve the scientific and cultural quality of the whole people, safeguard national rights and interests and enhance comprehensive national strength. （2） Development vision We will build a strong space country in an all-round way, continue to improve our ability to understand space scientifically, enter and leave space freely, make efficient use of space and effectively manage space, and become a defender of national security, a leader in scientific and technological self-reliance, a promoter of high-quality economic and social development, an advocate of scientific governance of outer space and a pioneer in the development of human civilization, And make positive contributions to the lofty cause of building a modern socialist power and promoting human peace and development. （3） Development principle The development of China's aerospace industry is subject to and serves the overall national development strategy. China adheres to the principles of innovation leading, coordination and efficiency, peaceful development, cooperation and sharing, and promotes the high-quality development of aerospace. —— Innovation leads. Adhere to the core position of innovation in the development of aerospace industry, build a strong national strategic scientific and technological force in the aerospace field, implement major Aerospace Science and technology projects, strengthen original led scientific and technological innovation, continuously optimize the innovation ecology, accelerate the process of productization, and constantly improve the ability of independent development and safe development of aerospace. —— Collaborative and efficient. Adhere to the system concept, give better play to the advantages of the new national system, guide all forces to participate in aerospace development in an orderly manner, scientifically plan aerospace activities, strengthen the role of space technology in promoting space science and space applications, cultivate and expand new models and new business forms, and improve the quality, efficiency and overall efficiency of aerospace development. —— Peaceful development. Always adhere to the peaceful use of outer space, oppose the weaponization, battlefield and arms race in outer space, rationally develop and utilize space resources, effectively protect the space environment, maintain a peaceful and clean outer space, and make space activities benefit all mankind. —— Cooperation and sharing. Adhere to the combination of independence and open cooperation, deepen high-level international exchanges and cooperation, expand global public services for space technology and products, actively participate in solving major challenges facing mankind, help achieve the goals of the UN 2030 agenda for sustainable development, and promote the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind in the field of outer space. 2、 Developing space technology and systems Facing the world's scientific and technological frontier and major national strategic needs, China's aerospace industry, guided by major aerospace projects, has accelerated the research and application of key core technologies, vigorously developed space technology and systems, comprehensively improved its ability to access, explore, utilize and manage space, and promoted the sustainable development of Aerospace. （1） Space transportation system Since 2016, as of December 2021, 207 launch missions have been completed, including 183 launches of long march series launch vehicles, with a total number of launches exceeding 400. The long march series of launch vehicles have been upgraded to non-toxic, pollution-free, modular and intelligent. The "Long March 5" and "Long March 5 B" launch vehicles have been launched for application, the "Long March 8" and "Long March 7 a" have made their first flight, and the carrying capacity has been continuously enhanced. The diversified launch service capability of launch vehicles has reached a new level, "Long March 11" has realized the commercial application launch at sea, and commercial launch vehicles such as jielong-1, kuaizhou-1a, hyperbola-1 and ceres-1 have been successfully launched. The flight demonstration and verification test of reusable launch vehicle was successful. In the next five years, China will continue to improve the comprehensive performance of the space transportation system and accelerate the upgrading of launch vehicles. Promote the development of launch vehicle type spectrum, develop and launch a new generation of manned launch vehicles and high thrust solid launch vehicles, and accelerate the development of heavy launch vehicle engineering. We will continue to tackle key technical problems and demonstrate and verify key technologies of the reusable space transportation system. To meet the needs of flight launch, we will develop new rocket engines, combined power, upper stage and other technologies, and expand diversified and convenient access to space. （2） Space infrastructure Satellite remote sensing system. The space-based part of the high-resolution earth observation system has been basically completed, and earth observation has entered an era of high spatial resolution, high temporal resolution and high spectral resolution. The comprehensive capability of land observation business services has been greatly improved, with the successful launch of "resource III" 03 satellite, "environmental disaster reduction II" A / b satellite, high resolution and multi-mode comprehensive imaging satellite, hyperspectral observation satellite and several commercial remote sensing satellites. Ocean observation has achieved multi-element, multi-scale and high-resolution continuous coverage of global sea areas, and successfully launched "Ocean 1" C / D Satellite and "ocean 2" B / C / D satellite. The comprehensive observation capability of atmospheric globalization and refinement has leapt. The new generation of geostationary meteorological satellite "fengyun-4" A / B has been successfully launched to realize all-weather, refined and continuous three-dimensional comprehensive atmospheric detection and rapid response disaster monitoring. The "FengYun-3" D / E satellite has been successfully launched to form the network observation capability of morning, afternoon and morning dusk satellite services, We successfully launched the one belt, one road H, to provide satellite monitoring services for the countries and regions along the "one belt and one road" area. The remote sensing satellite ground system has been further improved, and basically has the ability of global receiving, rapid processing and operational service of satellite remote sensing data. Satellite communication broadcasting system. Steady progress was made in the construction of fixed communication and broadcasting satellite system, and the performance of coverage area and communication capacity were further improved. Zhongxing 6C, Zhongxing 9b and other satellites were successfully launched to support the continuous and stable operation of radio and television business; China Satellite 16 and Asia Pacific 6D satellites have been successfully launched, and the single satellite communication capacity has reached 50Gbps. China's satellite communication has entered the era of "high throughput". The mobile communication broadcasting satellite system has been gradually improved, and the "tiantong-1" 02 / 03 satellite has been successfully launched and networked with "tiantong-1" 01 satellite. It has the ability to provide mobile communication services such as voice, short message and data for handheld end users in China, its surrounding areas and parts of the Asia Pacific region. The construction of relay satellite system has entered a new stage of upgrading, with the successful launch of "tianlian-1" 05 satellite and "tianlian-2" 01 satellite, and the comprehensive performance has been greatly improved. satellite communication
Edit：He Chuanning Responsible editor：Su Suiyue
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